Friday, January 31, 2014

Sources on Syrian conflict

Available sources and articles on the Syrian conflict online

Abboud. Samer (2013, August): Syria's Business Elite: Between Political Alignment and Hedging
their Bets. (SWP Comments 2013/C 22). URL:

Abramowitz, Morton I.; Edelman, Eric S. (2013, April): U.S.-Turkish Cooperation toward a
Post-Assad Syria. (BPC’s Turkey Task Force Paper). URL:

Abrams, Elliott (2013, July): The Security Situation in the Syrian Arab Republic: Implications for
U.S. National Security and U.S. Policy Options. Testimony presented before the House Armed
Services Committee, United States House of Representatives, 1st Session, 113th Congress.

Al-Saleh, Asaad; White, Loren (2013, June): Dissecting an Evolving Conflict: The Syrian
Uprising and the Future of the Country. (ISPU / NAF Report). URL:

Al-Zubaidi, Layla; Khoury, Doreen; Atassi, Mohammad Ali (Eds.) (2012, February): Syria's
Revolution: Society, Power, Ideology. (Heinrich Böll Stiftung Middle East Office, Perspectives,
No. 3). URL:

Amnesty International (2012, August): Syria: All-Out Repression: Purging Dissent in Aleppo,
Syria. (Report MDE 24/061/2012). URL:

Analysis Intelligence (2013, March 1): Guide to Syrian Rebel Media Spokespeople and PR. URL:

Analysis Intelligence (2013, September 17): Update on Syrian Rebel Media Coordinators. URL:

Anderson, Kenneth (2013, August): Legality of Intervention in Syria in Response to Chemical
Weapon Attacks. (ASIL Insights, Vol. 17, Iss. 21). URL:

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2011, May): The General and the
Particular in the Ongoing Syrian Popular Uprising. (Policy Analysis). URL: http://

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2012, January): Effects of Sanctions on
Syria’s Macroeconomy in 2012. (Policy Analysis). URL:

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2012, February): The Positions of the
Syrian Opposition. (Policy Analysis). URL:

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2013, January): Deadly Neighbors:
Jdaidet al-Fadl: A Paradigm for Sectarian Genocide in the Damascus Region. (Case Analysis).

Asseburg, Muriel; Wimmen, Heiko (2012, December): Civil War in Syria: External Actors and
Interests as Drivers of Conflict. (SWP Comments 2012/C 43). URL:

Baczko, Adam; Dorronsoro, Gilles; Quesnay, Arthur (2013, April): Building a Syrian State in a
Time of Civil War. (The Carnegie Papers, CP 175). URL:

Badran, Tony (2013, June): Washington’s Syria Policy. Testimony presented before the House
Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, on June 5,
2013. URL:
Barfi, Barak (2013, May): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security
Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, on May 22, 2013. URL:

Becker, Petra (2013): Syrian Muslim Brotherhood Still a Crucial Actor: Inclusivity the Order of
the Day in Dealings with Syria’s Opposition. (SWP Comments 2013/C 34). URL: http://

Benotman, Noman and Blake, Roisin (2013, January): Jabhat al-Nusra li-ahl al-Sham min
Mujahedi al-Sham fi Sahat al-Jihad: A Strategic Briefing. (Quilliam Strategic Briefing). URL:

Benotman, Noman and Naseraldin, Emad (2012, September): The Jihadist Network in the
Syrian Revolution: A Strategic Briefing. (Quilliam Concept Paper). URL: http://

Berman, Asher (2012, October): Syrian Rebel Use of Social Media. (FPRI E-Notes, Middle East
Media Monitor). URL:

Borghard, Erica D. (2013, August): Arms and Influence in Syria: The Pitfalls of Greater U.S.
Involvement. (CATO Institute Policy Analysis No. 734). URL:

Briscoe, Ivan; Janssen, Floor; Smits, Rosan (2012, November): Stability and Economic Recovery
after Assad: Key Steps for Syria’s Post-Conflict Transition. (Clingendael Institute Report No. 2).

Brookings Doha Center (BDC) (2013, June): The Challenge of Syrian Unity: Reassuring Local
Communities and Framing National Consensus. (Syria Workshop Series Paper). URL: http://

Brown, Kevin (2013, May): The Syrian Crisis of 1957: A Lesson for the 21st Century. (CPD
Perspectives on Public Diplomacy, Paper 4, 2013). URL:

Byman, Daniel L. et al. (2012, March): Saving Syria: Assessing Options for Regime Change.
(Saban Center Middle East Memo #21). URL:

Cardash, Sharon L.; Cilluffo, Frank J.; Marret, Jean-Luc (2013, August): Foreign Fighters in
Syria: Still Doing Battle, Still a Multidimensional Danger. (FRS note n°24/13). URL: http://

Chatham House (2012, August): Syria: Prospects for Intervention. (Meeting Summary). URL:

Cobankiat, Randolph (2012, August-September): Addressing the Syrian Crisis Stalemate: How
will it End? (RIEAS Research Paper No. 159). URL:

Committeri, Camilla (2012, October): When Domestic Factors Prevail Upon Foreign Ambitions:
Russia’s Strategic Game in Syria. (IAI Working Papers, 12 | 26). URL:

Dalton, Melissa G. (2012, September): Asad Under Fire: Five Scenarios for the Future of Syria.
(CNAS Policy Brief). URL:

Djerejian, Edward P.; Bowen, Andrew (2013, March): Syria at the Crossroads: U.S. Policy and
Recommendations for the Way Forward. (James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy Paper).

Droz-Vincent, Philippe (2012, April): The “Dark Side” of the Syrian Transition and its
Potentially Dire Regional Consequences. (NOREF Policy Brief). URL: http://

Eeckelaert, Rouba Al-Fattal (2012, June): Electoral System in Future Syria. (SRCC Policy
Paper). URL:

Engle, Eric (2012, July): Humanitarian Intervention and Syria: Russia, the United States, and
International Law. (Working Paper). URL:

Erkmen, Serhat (2012, August): Kurdish Movements in Syria. (ORSAM Report No. 127). URL:

Fargues, Philippe; Fandrich, Christine (2012): The European Response to the Syrian Refugee
Crisis: What Next? (MPC Research Report 2012/14). URL: http://

Fontaine, Richard et al. (2013, August): The Way Forward in Syria. (CNAS Commentaries).

Friberg Lyme, Rune (2012): Sanctioning Assad’s Syria: Mapping the Economic, Socioeconomic
and Political Repercussions of the International Sanctions Imposed on Syria since March 2011.
(DIIS Report 2012:13). URL:

Gambill, Gary C. (2013, August): Arms for Peace in Syria? (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://

Ghani, Ashraf; Lockhart, Clare (2013, July): Preparing for a Syrian Transition: Trust Funds:
Lessons from the Past, Thinking for the Future. (Legatum Institute / Institute for State
Effectiveness Memo). URL:

Günay, Cengiz (2012, October): Interdependenzen: Wie die Dynamiken des Syrienkonfliktes den
Demokratisierungsprozess in der Türkei gefährden. (oiip Policy Paper 10/2012). URL: http://

Hammoud, Tariq (2013, February): Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Revolution. (ACRPS
Research Paper). URL:

Hassan, Salah (2012, October): Palestinians in Syria and the Syrian Uprising. (ACRPS Case
Analysis). URL:

Helfont, Tally (2011, November): Jordan’s Quandary over Syria. (FPRI E-Notes, Middle East
Media Monitor). URL:

Heydemann, Steven (2013, May): Syria's Uprising: Sectarianism, Regionalisation, and State
Order in the Levant. (FRIDE Working Paper No. 119). URL:

Human Rights Watch (2013, October): “You Can Still See their Blood”: Executions,
Indiscriminate Shootings, and Hostage Taking by Opposition Forces in Latakia Countryside.
(Report). URL:

IntelCenter (2013, February): Rebel Logo ID Guide for Syria. v1.0. (Analytical Report). URL:

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) / Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
(2012, July): A Full-Scale Displacement and Humanitarian Crisis with no Solutions in Sight.
(Report). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, March): Now or Never: A Negotiated Transition for
Syria. (Middle East Briefing N°32). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, April): Syria’s Phase of Radicalisation. (Middle East
Briefing N°33). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, August): Syria’s Mutating Conflict. (Middle East
Report N°128). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, October): Tentative Jihad: Syria’s Fundamentalist
Opposition. (Middle East Report N°131). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, November): A Precarious Balancing Act: Lebanon and
the Syrian Conflict. (Middle East Report N°132). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, January): Syria’s Kurds: A Struggle within a Struggle.
(Middle East Report N°136). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, April): Blurring the Borders: Syrian Spillover Risks for
Turkey. (Europe Report N°225). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, May): Too Close for Comfort: Syrians in Lebanon.
(Middle East Report N°141). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, June): Syria’s Metastasising Conflicts. (Middle East
Report N°143). URL:

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, October): Anything but Politics: The State of Syria’s
Political Opposition. (Middle East Report N°146). URL:

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)'s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group
(2012, November): Evidence of the Influx into Syria of Foreign Jihadist Fighters. (JWMG
Insights). URL:

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)'s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group
(2013, July): An Analysis of Two Attacks by the Al-Nusra Front in Syria. (JWMG Insights).

Iyengar, Radha; Fishman, Brian (2013, March): The Conflict in Syria: An Assessment of US
Strategic Interests. (NAF Policy Paper). URL:

Jones, Seth G. (2013, May): The Terrorist Threat from Syria. Testimony presented before the
House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence,
on May 22, 2013. (RAND Testimonies, CT-388). URL:

Joscelyn, Thomas (2013, May): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security
Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, on May 22, 2013. URL:

Joscelyn, Thomas (2013, September): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Committee
on Homeland Security, United States Congress, on September 10, 2013. URL: http://

Kemp, Richard et al. (2012, July): A Collision Course for Intervention. (RUSI Syria Crisis
Briefing). URL:

Khoury, Doreen (2013, February): Losing the Syrian Grassroots: Local Governance Structures
Urgently Need Support. (SWP Comments 2013/C 09). URL:

Lang, Tobias; Günay, Cengiz (2011, November): Regionale Auswirkungen der Entwicklungen in
Syrien am Beispiel des Libanon. (oiip Policy Paper 2011/3). URL:

Laub, Zachary; Masters, Jonathan (2013, September): Syria's Crisis and the Global Response.
(CFR Backgrounder). URL:
Lefèvre, Raphaël (2013, May): The Muslim Brotherhood Prepares for a Comeback in Syria. (The
Carnegie Papers, CP 182). URL:

Lund, Aron (2012, September): Syrian Jihadism. (UI Brief No. 13). URL:

Lund, Aron (2013): Syria's Salafi Insurgents: The Rise of the Syrian Islamic Front. (UI
Occasional Paper #17). URL:

Lund, Aron (2013, May): Struggling to Adapt: The Muslim Brotherhood in a New Syria. (The
Carnegie Papers, CP 181). URL:

Lynch, Marc (2012, February): Pressure not War: A Pragmatic and Principled Policy towards
Syria. (CNAS Policy Brief). URL:

MacDonald, Norine et al. (2012, December): Syria: A Way Forward. (ICOS Report). URL:

Mahfudh, `Aqeel (2012, February): Syria and Turkey: A Turning Point or a Historical Bet?
(ACRPS Research Papers). URL:

Malmvig, Helle (2013, August): Ambiguous Endings: Middle East Regional Security in the Wake
of the Arab Uprisings and the Syrian Civil War. (DIIS Report 2013:23). URL:

Martini, Jeffrey; York, Erin; Young, William (2013): Syria as an Arena of Strategic Competition.
(RAND Research Reports, RR-213). URL:

Masters, Jonathan; Laub, Zachary (2013, October): Al-Qaeda in Iraq (a.k.a. Islamic State in
Iraq and Greater Syria). (CFR Backgrounder). URL:

McCants, William et al. (2013, September): Aiding Civilians in a Sectarian Conflict: Can
Assistance to Syria Heal without Harm? (The Brookings Institution Panel Discussion
Proceedings). URL:

Meier, Oliver (2013, June): Chemiewaffen in Syrien: Wie sich die Bedrohung verringern lässt.
(SWP-Aktuell 2013/A 36). URL:

Mohamed, Saira (2012, March): The U.N. Security Council and the Crisis in Syria. (ASIL
Insights, Vol. 16, Iss. 11). URL:

Naftalin, Mark; Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012, September): Rebels and Refugees: Syrians in
Southern Turkey. (PRIO Policy Brief 10/2012). URL:

Nahar, Hazem (2012, January): The Discourse and Performance of the Syrian Opposition: Since
the Beginning of the Revolution. (Heinrich Böll Stiftung Middle East Office Study). URL: http://

Naufal, Hala (2012): Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: The Humanitarian Approach under Political
Divisions. (MPC Research Report 2012/13). URL:

Nerguizian, Aram (2011, December): Assessing the Risks of Military Intervention. (CSIS
Working Draft). URL:

Nikitin, Mary Beth D.; Kerr, Paul K.; Feickert, Andrew (2013, September): Syria’s Chemical
Weapons: Issues for Congress. (CRS Report for Congress R42848). URL:

Orhan, Oytun (2012, August): Syrian Christians in the Dilemma of Chaos and
Authoritarianism. (Orsam Foreign Policy Analysis). URL:

O’Sullivan, Niamh Maria (2012, August): The Moral Enigma of an Intervention in Syria: A Just
War Analysis. (IAI Working Papers, 12 | 22). URL:

Popp, Roland (2012, November): The Syrian Civil War: Between Escalation and Intervention.
[Translated by Christopher Findlay]. (CSS Analysis in Security Policy No. 124). URL: http://

Portela, Clara (2012, September): The EU’s Sanctions against Syria: Conflict Management by
Other Means. (Egmont Security Policy Brief No. 38). URL:

Prucha, Nico; and Ali Fisher (2013, April 27): Jihadi Twitter Activism: Introduction. Jihadica.

Prucha, Nico and Ali Fisher (2013, May 13): Jihadi Twitter Activism Part 2: Jabhat al-Nusra on
the Twittersphere. Jihadica. URL:

Prucha, Nico and Ali Fisher (2013, August 20): The “Who’s Who” of the Most Important Jihadi
Accounts on Twitter? Jihadica. URL:
Prucha, Nico and Ali Fisher (2013, September 4): 66 Important Jihadist Twitter Accounts (Part
2). Jihadica. URL:
Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) (2012, March): Planning for Syria’s “Day
After”: Security, Rule of Law & Democracy. (Policy Planning Paper). URL: http://

Qabalan, Marwan (2013, August): The Armed Syrian Opposition: Common Aim but no Vision.
(ACRPS Research Paper). URL:

Rabinovich, Itamar (2012, November): Israel’s View of the Syrian Crisis. (Saban Center
Analysis Paper Series, No. 28). URL:

Saleh, Layla (2013, May): Syrian Perceptions of U.S. Intervention in Syria. (FPRI E-Notes,
Middle East Media Monitor). URL:

Salem, Paul (2012, December): Can Lebanon Survive the Syrian Crisis? (The Carnegie Papers,
CMEC 35). URL:

Sayigh, Yezid (2013, April): The Syrian Opposition’s Leadership Problem. (The Carnegie Papers,
CMEC 39). URL:

Schaller, Christian (2013, September): Der Bürgerkrieg in Syrien, der Giftgas-Einsatz und das
Völkerrecht. (SWP-Aktuell 2013/A 54). URL:

Shaikh, Salman (2012, October): Losing Syria (and how to Avoid it). (BDC Publications, No.
17). URL:

Sharp, Jeremy M.; Blanchard, Christopher M. (2013, September): Armed Conflict in Syria:
Background and U.S. Response. (CRS Report RL33487). URL:

Simcox, Robin (2013, May): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security
Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, on May 22, 2013. URL:

Spath, Andrew (2012, January): Opposition Groups in Syria: Myths and Realities. (FPRI ENotes,
Middle East Media Monitor). URL:

Stansfield, Gareth (2013, July): The Remaking of Syria, Iraq and the Wider Middle East: The End
of the Sykes-Picot State System? (RUSI Briefing Paper). URL:

Steinberg, Guido (2012, February): Katar und der Arabische Frühling: Unterstützung für
Islamisten und anti-syrische Neuausrichtung. (SWP-Aktuell 2012/A 07). URL: http://www.swpberlin.

Steinberg, Guido (2013, August): Der Irak und der syrische Bürgerkrieg: Syrien ist Anlass für die
Gewalteskalation im Irak, Ursache ist aber Malikis Autoritarismus. (SWP-Aktuell 2013/A 46).

The Day After Association (TDA): The Day After Project: Supporting a Democratic Transition
in Syria. URL:

Trenin, Dmitri (2013, February): The Mythical Alliance: Russia’s Syria Policy. (The Carnegie
Papers, CP 173). URL:

Ulph, Stephen (2006): Jihadi After Action Report: Syria. (CTC Report). URL:

Varghese, Anand (2013, June): Social Media Reporting and the Syrian Civil War. (USIP Peace
Brief 151). URL:

White, Jeffrey; Tabler, Andrew J.; Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, September): Syria’s Military
Opposition: How Effective, United, or Extremist? (The Washington Institute Policy Focus 128).

Wikistrat (2012, September): Syria’s Turmoil Explored: A Wikistrat Crowd-Sourced Simulation.

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, April): European Foreign Fighters in Syria. (ICSR Insights). URL: http://

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, September): Al-Qaeda in Syria: A Closer Look at ISIS (Part I). (The
Washington Institute Policywatch 2137). URL:

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, September): Al-Qaeda in Syria: A Closer Look at ISIS (Part II). (The
Washington Institute Policywatch 2138). URL:

Zelin, Aaron Y.; Kohlmann, Evan F.; al-Khouri, Laith (2013, June): Convoy of Martyrs in the
Levant: A Joint Study Charting the Evolving Role of Sunni Foreign Fighters in the Armed
Uprising against the Assad Regime in Syria. (Flashpoint Partners Joint Study). URL: https://